Schemas are certain types of behaviours that children go through when trying to explore the world around them and figure out how things work. A child may show various schemas and identifying these can have a huge impact on supporting the child with their development.

There are many types of schemas to look out for, with the main 8 being:

  • Transportation
  • Rotation
  • Orientation
  • Trajectory
  • Connecting
  • Positioning
  • Enveloping
  • Enclosing

Many of these schemas are self-explanatory and a certain child probably pops into your mind when you read them! Now it is one thing being able to notice when a child has a schema, but it is a completely different thing to be able to use this schema to extend the child’s learning.

A schema is a child’s preferred learning method, so if you know how they like to learn, you can use this to your advantage. For example, if you are struggling to support a child with developing their mathematics and you happen to notice that they have an orientation schema, then you can use this to help them to achieve their next step.

Find some monkey bars and let the child hang upside down and count how many flowers or birds they can see, and the results will be amazing, as this is how the child enjoys learning. You can also use this knowledge of schemas to plan and create activities for the children that you know they will enjoy and get a lot out of.

If you want to know more about schemas then get yourself signed up to our JigsawEYC App, the current monthly resource is a booklet with loads of helpful information about the 8 types of schemas and how you can support them within your setting!